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Dhaka Tribune

Will onion prices ever come down in Bangladesh?

Update : 08 Feb 2018, 08:21 AM
The minimum export price (MEP) of onions was recently withdrawn by the Indian government. The decision, which came into effect on February 3, was made by National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Ltd (NAFED), the top organization of marketing cooperatives for agricultural produce in India. Even though onion prices have already dropped in India but Bangladeshi markets are yet to get the benefit of this MEP withdrawal. Responding to a query, Atiqul Rahman, a wholesaler based in Dhaka’s Kawran Bazar said: “When the Indian government increases the minimum export prices of onions in India, prices increased in Bangladeshi markets. “However, India recently decreased the MEP, and later completely removed it. But, the local markets are yet to reap the benefits of the decision.” Visiting a number of local retail markets in the capital, the correspondent has found that the local onions are being sold at a price of Tk60 to Tk65 Kg, and imported onions are being sold at Tk55 to Tk60 per Kg. The traders defended their price by saying that the onions that are currently being sold were bought with a high price and the new imports of onions are yet to arrive in the markets. Just a few weeks ago, the local onions were priced at around Tk130 per Kg, and onions imported from India were available at Tk110. Compared to January, 2017, the price of onions has increased by at least Tk20 to Tk25 in January this year. Last season, the production of onions in India went down due to a severe drought, which in turn increased the prices both in India and in Bangladesh. The prices saw yet another increase after torrential rain caused floods in several states of India last year, further pushing the onion price to Tk120-130 per Kg in most markets throughout Bangladesh. Around two years after withdrawing the MEP, the Indian central government re-imposed MEP on onions on November 23, 2017 at a price of $850 (Tk70,472) per ton, which was reduced to $700 (Tk58,036) on January 19 this year. In a latest development on February 1, the Indian government completely removed the minimum export price (MEP) on onions. On February 2, directives regarding the removal of MEP arrived at the Hili customs station, effectively withdrawing the requirement of minimum export prices, and it came into effect on February 3, 2018. The customs server has also been updated with accordingly. Sources from the Hili customs station have confirmed the matter to the correspondent.
Also Read- India removes minimum export price on onions
The correspondent has also learned that two of India’s largest marketplaces named Lasalgaon Onion Market and Kashik Onion Market, had witnessed a major drop in onion prices only a few months ago. In August, 2017 per one hundred Kgs of onions were priced at 2,600 Rupees, but the price came crashing to 900 Rupees in September the same year. Other marketplaces in India also witnessed the same trend of onion price drop. But the onion prices in Bangladesh are not reflecting the major price cut in India. Compared to major marketplaces, the onions prices are even higher in markets littered around different neighbourhood in Dhaka, frequently reaching Tk65 per Kg. The Trading Corporation of Bangladesh (TCB), however, claimed in a recent statement that the price of onions has gone down by Tk10 since the last week. To counter the price hike of onions in the Indian market during July, 2017, decision was taken to import onions from Egypt. Commenting of the matter, Commerce Minister Tofail Ahmed at the parliament recently said: “No syndicates interfered with the production, import, distribution and caused the skyrocketing prices of onions. Bangladesh’s primary source of onion import is India.” He pointed out that the floods in Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra last year had damaged onion production there, causing the MEP to hit $850. “The high import cost affected the local markets of Bangladesh but onion price is starting to drop, and it will drop further soon,” Tofail said. According to the sources from the Commerce Ministry, Bangladesh has an annual demand of 2,200,000 to 2,500,000 metric tons of onions. Last season, the country produced 1,750,000 metric tons of onions, while the deficit of around 700,000 metric tons is usually covered through imports.This article was first published on
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