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বাংলা
Dhaka Tribune

From bad to worse

What kind of year was 2023 for Asia?

Update : 30 Dec 2023, 02:28 AM

As 2023 departs, and 2024 arrives, we once again highlight the winners and losers of the year gone by in Asia.

Who had it bad and who had it good across the Indo-Pacific? Read on.

Worst year: Asia's forgotten

In 2023, Asia's most vulnerable -- often displaced by armed conflict -- remained too often for the most part forgotten. Priorities shifted and the world's attention turned away from "yesterday's headlines." The most significant escalation in hostilities in Myanmar since the 2021 coup, for example, worsened an ongoing humanitarian crisis in 2023. From October 26 to December 8, more than 578,000 people were newly displaced in Myanmar on top of nearly 2 million who were already displaced before the surge in fighting according to the United Nations.

The UN refugee agency, UNHCR, reports that Bangladesh hosts close to one million Rohingya refugees from Myanmar, making it one of the largest protracted refugee situations in the world. In and outside of Afghanistan, the plight of Afghan women and children remains dire, with Afghan refugees the third-largest displaced population in the world after Syrian and Ukrainian refugees.

In 2023, there were at least 8.2 million Afghans hosted across 103 different countries, according to UNHCR, with some in Pakistan now being forced to return to Afghanistan. More than 70% of those in need of support are women and children.

And so, we gave "Worst Year in Asia 2023" to Asia's forgotten men, women, and children -- whether in Myanmar, Afghanistan, or elsewhere. Give a thought to how you might learn more and do more to ease their plight in 2024 and beyond.

Bad year: China's property market

For millions of Chinese citizens still waiting for homes they put down payments on but might never be built, 2023 was a particularly bad year for China's property market.

By some accounts, the nation's ongoing, protracted real estate crisis and debt levels in general may pose the biggest credit risk to the global economy. For many a member of China's middle class, however, the crisis is also a very real threat to their "China Dream" and hopes for a better life.

In 2021, the real estate giant China Evergrande defaulted on its debt. In 2023, concerns grew over the financial state of Country Garden, which until last year was China's biggest real estate developer, specializing in residential property. With China's economy still growing but slowing and Chinese property prices continuing to fall, the IMF has expressed concern, and Moody's Investors Service has cut its outlook on China's housing sector to negative.

State-owned financial institutions are reportedly being called upon to prop up developers struggling to avoid default and finish construction of stalled apartment projects.Still, some Chinese citizens are refusing to pay their mortgages en masse in a rare form of domestic protest. Chinese families and individuals who once saw homes as more than somewhere to live but also as investments have reason to fear 2023 won't be the last bad year they face.

Mixed Year: US-China Relations

US President Joe Biden and Chinese President Xi Jinping met at long last again in person this November at the Apec leaders summit in San Francisco -- a bilateral meeting that was a highlight of what was a mixed year for US-China relations.

That the two leaders met at all was an accomplishment, and the lowering of tensions was no doubt also welcomed in Japan. 2023 was after all a year marked by the shooting down of what the United States termed a "Chinese spy balloon" and continuing tensions on issues ranging from trade, opioids and semiconductors to Taiwan and the South China Sea.

Xi did though, to many Americans' delight, indicate that additional pandas might be sent on loan to the United States in an extension of panda-plomacy. 2024 may well prove an even more of a mixed year as both leaders focus on domestic issues including a US presidential election and a slowing Chinese economy.

Good year: Blackpink going global

The year 2023 might have ended with K-pop global sensation BTS's members in mandatory military service in Korea and with Taylor Swift named "Time 2023 Person of the Year," but for the four superstar women from Asia who make up the all-female K-pop group Blackpink it was most definitely a good year.

Jisoo (Kim Ji-soo), Jennie (Kim Jennie), Rosé (Roseanne Chae-young Park) and Thailand's very own Lisa (Lalisa Manobal) together ended the year applauded by and awarded honorary MBEs (Members of the British Empire) by King Charles at Buckingham Palace for their role in "bringing the message of environmental sustainability to a global audience as Ambassadors for the UK's Presidency of COP26, and later as advocates for the UN Sustainable Development Goals."

Earlier in April, Blackpink had become the first Asian and all-female band to headline at Coachella and its album Born Pink became the first album from an all-female group to hit No 1 since 2008. The year also ended with news that Blackpink had finally renewed with YG Entertainment, causing that company's KOSDAQ-listed shares to leap by 26%.

Like Malaysian actress Michelle Yeoh who made history in March 2023 by becoming the first Asian to win the Academy Award for Best Actress, the members of Blackpink -- from South Korea, New Zealand and Thailand -- have also gone global, adding another dimension to the phrase "everything everywhere all at once".

Best year: India's space agency

The region was far from all doom and gloom this August 2023 as ISRO -- the Indian Space Research Organisation -- dazzled the citizens of what is now the world's most populous country and space exploration fans everywhere with its latest lunar mission. The Indian space agency's Chandrayaan-3 spacecraft entered lunar orbit on August 5, and just over two weeks later, on Aug 24, its lander named Vikram touched down near the lunar south pole, making India only the fourth nation to successfully land on the Moon. A lunar rover named Pragyan would soon be literally making tracks on the Moon.

As with India's landmark Mars Orbiter Mission -- the nation's first interplanetary mission to planet Mars in November 2013, which made ISRO the fourth space agency to successfully send a spacecraft to Mars orbit -- the relatively low-cost $74.6 million Chandrayaan mission demonstrated the power of India's "frugal engineering" model. "India's successful Moon mission is not just India's alone," Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared, "this success belongs to all of humanity." And for that reason and for uplifting spirits and bringing a bit of hope and joy in a tough year, ISRO wins "Best Year in Asia 2023."

Fingers crossed for a better year ahead from the Earth to the Moon.

Curtis S Chin, a former US ambassador to the Asian Development Bank, is managing director of advisory firm RiverPeak Group. Jose B Collazo is an analyst focusing on the Indo-Pacific region. A version of this article previously appeared in Bangkok Post and has been reprinted under special arrangement.

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