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Dhaka Tribune

Can AI give us better lawmaking?

Artificial intelligence integration has the potential to significantly increase efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and accuracy in the legal industry

Update : 18 Apr 2023, 09:36 AM

The tech industry is growing but is the tech industry contributing to professional sectors? One such sector is the legal sector. 

Around the world, artificial intelligence (AI) is changing several sectors and businesses. The legal sector is one of the brightest industries that AI can increasingly affect in the near future. 

Although AI has not yet been wholly incorporated into Bangladeshi law, there are opportunities for its use. 

AI integration has the potential to significantly increase efficiency, cost-effectiveness, and accuracy in the legal industry. 

Concerns exist, though, regarding AI's potential effect on the legal sector.

Opportunities

Legal research is one area where AI is already having an effect. To discover pertinent cases, statutes, and regulations, lawyers must spend a lot of time conducting time-consuming legal research. 

Automating this process with AI-powered legal research tools can reduce time spent and increase precision. 

These tools analyze and classify legal documents using machine learning algorithms, making it more straightforward for attorneys to locate the required data. 

Legal investigation in Bangladesh is still primarily done manually, so incorporating AI-powered tools could significantly enhance the procedure.

Reviewing and analyzing contracts is another area where AI has an effect. AI-powered contract analysis tools can quickly analyze many agreements, making it more straightforward for attorneys to spot opportunities and risks. 

Additionally, these tools can assist in locating clauses that might need attention and offer possible changes. 

Most of the contract evaluation and analysis in Bangladesh is done manually. Incorporating AI-powered tools could significantly enhance the procedure, particularly in situations with numerous contracts.

On June 18, 2019, the law minister Anisul Huq provided certain statistics to the parliament, stating that there are currently more than 35.82 lakh cases pending in higher and lower judiciary courts nationwide. 

So, what can AI do in this regard? 

The backlog of cases results from the long hours of analysis, voluminous legal papers, reading, and writing that go into practicing law. 

The same reason drives the widespread use of AI features by legal practitioners. 

AI would be tasked with performing due diligence tasks, legal study, reviewing documents and contracts, contract analysis, and other tasks. 

However, a question can arise regarding whether AI can think morally or ethically. I think it may be possible through coding and AI will make the lives of legal practitioners easier while also assisting those in need of legal representation. 

If AI is implemented, lawyers will be in a stronger position to provide full support in case of resolution, given Bangladesh's infamous case backlog. This will also reduce the workload for the lower and higher courts.

Concerns

Although there are many advantages to integrating AI into the legal sector, there are also worries about how it might affect the legal field. 

The loss of attorneys is one of the major worries. Some legal professionals may be replaced because of the automation of duties that were previously handled by attorneys thanks to the use of AI-powered tools. 

It's crucial to remember that artificial intelligence cannot take the position of a lawyer's reasonable knowledge, discretion, and judgment. AI can only assist lawyers to work more effectively on their duties.

The possibility for bias in AI algorithms is a further worry. Large amounts of data are used to teach AI algorithms, and if the data is biased, the algorithms will also be biased. 

This could lead to unfair decisions in the legal system, particularly in instances involving delicate topics like race, gender, and religion. 

As a result, it is imperative to guarantee that AI algorithms are taught using objective data.

In conclusion, Bangladesh could gain significantly from incorporating AI into the judicial sector. Predictive analytics, contract analysis, and legal research tools powered by AI have the potential to significantly increase the effectiveness, efficiency, and cost-effectiveness of legal services. 

However, there are also worries about how AI might affect the legal industry, including the possibility of lawyer displacement and bias in AI programs. 

To guarantee that the integration of AI in the legal sector is done responsibly and ethically, it is imperative to address these concerns. 

To keep up with the evolving landscape of legal services, the legal profession in Bangladesh should consider adjusting and adopt AI technology.

Md Toslim Bhuiyan Prantik is a freelance contributor and a student of law.

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