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Dhaka Tribune

World Bank: Climate change to hit Bangladesh’s poor, vulnerable hardest

Average tropical cyclones cost Bangladesh about $1 billion annually, says a latest report

Update : 01 Nov 2022, 03:46 PM

A new World Bank report predicts that climate change will hit poor and vulnerable people the hardest.

Average tropical cyclones cost Bangladesh about $1 billion annually. By 2050, a third of agricultural GDP could be lost. 

In case of severe flooding, GDP could fall by as much as 9%, according to the World Bank Group's Country and Climate Development Report for Bangladesh, published on Monday.

Syed Zakir Hossain/Dhaka Tribune

“Bangladesh has led the way in adaptation and disaster risk management. Over the past 50 years, it has reduced cyclone-related deaths 100-fold. Other countries can learn from this,” said World Bank Vice President for South Asia Martin Raiser. 

“But with ever-increasing climate risks, further adaptation efforts are vital, and a low-carbon development path is critical to a resilient future for Bangladesh.”

Citing Bangladesh as the most vulnerable to climate migration in South Asia, the report said about 2.5% of the population, or 4.1 million people, were displaced due to climate disasters in 2019.

“By 2050, some 13.3 million internal climate migrants and around 27% of all South Asian climate migrants in the future are projected to be from Bangladesh due to climate-induced impacts on agricultural production, water scarcity, and rising sea levels, with higher impacts on women,” the report said.

Dhaka Tribune

Moreover, 32% of all deaths in Bangladesh are linked to environmental degradation, particularly outdoor and household air pollution; inadequate water, sanitation, and hygiene standards; and lead exposure in adults, it said.

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