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Dhaka Tribune

Ensuring human rights for all

Update : 18 Dec 2013, 06:50 PM

Human Rights Day is globally observed on December 10 every year. On that date in 1948 the United Nations General Assembly had adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, proclaiming its principles as the “common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations.”

Though Human Rights Day is being observed with much enthusiasm and importance, many of us still do not know what our human rights are or what action can be taken if our human rights are violated.


Human rights

Human rights are generally understood as inalienable fundamental rights to which a person is inherently entitled simply because she or he is a human being. These rights are inherent to all human beings, whatever our nationality, place of residence, sex, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, language, or any other status. We are all equally entitled to our human rights without discrimination. These rights are all interrelated, interdependent and indivisible.


Human rights in Bangladesh

According to the Section 2(f) of the National Human Rights Commission Act, 2009 “Human Rights” means Right to life, Right to liberty, Right to equality and Right to dignity of a person guaranteed by the constitution of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and such other human rights documents and ratified by the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and enforceable by the existing laws of Bangladesh.

Moreover, Bangladesh has either ratified or acceded to the following human rights conventions and therefore is pledge-bound to ensure the rights stipulated in those conventions for the people of Bangladesh.


International Convention on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 1966 Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, 1984 International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 1965 Convention on Elimination of All forms of Discrimination against Women, 1979 Child Rights Convention, 1990 Disability Rights Convention, 2006 International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers, 1990


Violation of human rights

Human rights violations occur when actions by state (or non-state) actors abuse, ignore, or deny basic human rights (including civil, political, cultural, social, and economic rights). Furthermore, violations of human rights can occur when the same actor breaches any international human rights or humanitarian law.


The National Human Rights Commission of Bangladesh

The National Human Rights Commission of Bangladesh (NHRC) is an independent statutory body formed under the National Human Rights Commission Act, 2009. NHRC works as the major national human rights watchdog, monitoring implementation of state obligations to respect protection and the fulfillment of the rights of every citizen of society.


If your human rights are violated

You or any person on behalf of you can submit complaints in the NHRC if your human rights are violated, or abetment of violation exists, by a person, state or government agency or institution or organisation or a public servant. You can physically go to the office of the NHRC or you may log on to  and lodge a complaint online. You will be given a complaint number and you can track the status of your complaint using the number.

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