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Dhaka Tribune

Music therapy can reduce anxiety in critical patients

Update : 27 Jul 2013, 04:04 AM

Critically ill patients who receive mechanical ventilation in ICU can get a little relief after listening to their favourite music. A new study in critically ill patients of different level, on different options of treatment showed music therapy is effective to reduce their anxiety.

The study was published in online version of JAMA editorial on May 20, 2013. The study was based on the patients of acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome in ICU with artificial ventilation.

In this study, among 373 patients receiving mechanical ventilation for acute respiratory failure, researchers reported that using music therapy helps to reduce anxiety of the patients about 36%. Anxiety is characterised by apprehension, agitation, increased motor activity, arousal, and fearful withdrawal. However, in the study, anxiety was not defined based on the presence of these symptoms.

An earlier study showed that state of anxiety was significantly decreased immediately after a 30-minute music condition.

Reducing anxiety and amount of sedation in mechanically ventilated patients is of the utmost importance, particularly because the result may be a decrease in the post-ICU burden, which weighs heavily on many patients, as well as numerous complications related to sedation.

This trial provides preliminary data that create new possibilities for improving the well-being of ICU patients. Further studies are needed to better understand how music therapy might improve the ICU experience for critically ill patients.

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