• Monday, Jun 01, 2020
  • Last Update : 05:45 pm

Malnutrition, child deaths plague India's tribal people

  • Published at 05:21 pm September 20th, 2018
An Indian tribal Monpa child carries a younger child at a special prayer session 'Avalokesteshvara Initiation' with Tibetan spiritual leader the Dalai Lama at Yid-Gha-Choezin in Tawang, in the northwestern corner of Arunachal Pradesh state, on November 10, 2009 AFP

Campaigners have called for better protection for tribal lands

India's indigenous children are far more likely to die or suffer from malnutrition than those from other communities, according to the first government study on health among tribal groups.

Among indigenous communities, 57 out of every 1,000 children die before age five, compared to 37 deaths in other social groups, according to the report released last week.

The national average for malnutrition among children is 35%, while researchers found that 42% of indigenous children are underweight.

Researchers examined health conditions for India's 104 million indigenous people, and called for resources to be directed specifically towards improving healthcare and food security among the country's 705 tribal groups.

"Most states do not have funding for tribal health, nor is there any separate account of how money (from the health budget) has been spent on them," said Abhay Bang, a physician and public health expert who headed the research.

The government should allocate 8.6% of its annual budget for improving conditions among tribal people who account the same percentage of India's population, the report recommended.

The researchers pointed to a number of challenges that indigenous people have in accessing healthcare and adequate food.

Almost 90% of the country's tribal people live in rural areas, which are often in rugged and remote regions where doctors are reluctant to serve, the researchers said.

Many communities have been "robbed" of food, shelter and livelihoods due to "deforestation and forest laws that limit access to forest produce," according to the report.

Campaigners have called for better protection for tribal lands.

"These are traditional and free sources of food, but they have depleted," said Milind Thatte, founder of Vayam, a charity that works on tribal development.

"Conserving these resources and giving tribals rights over them will go a long way in improving their health," he told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

Tribal homelands have been eroded over the past few decades with the development of mines and major infrastructure projects say campaigners.

Floods and famines have also taken a heavy toll on indigenous communities, forcing many to migrate, the report pointed out.

Migration often undermines nutrition among children, because they are deprived of the free meals provided by the government in schools and daycare centres in their home villages, the researchers found.

About 146,000 children from tribal communities die each year, according to the report, which cited a study from 2011, the last year that data was available.

blogger sharing button blogger
buffer sharing button buffer
diaspora sharing button diaspora
digg sharing button digg
douban sharing button douban
email sharing button email
evernote sharing button evernote
flipboard sharing button flipboard
pocket sharing button getpocket
github sharing button github
gmail sharing button gmail
googlebookmarks sharing button googlebookmarks
hackernews sharing button hackernews
instapaper sharing button instapaper
line sharing button line
linkedin sharing button linkedin
livejournal sharing button livejournal
mailru sharing button mailru
medium sharing button medium
meneame sharing button meneame
messenger sharing button messenger
odnoklassniki sharing button odnoklassniki
pinterest sharing button pinterest
print sharing button print
qzone sharing button qzone
reddit sharing button reddit
refind sharing button refind
renren sharing button renren
skype sharing button skype
snapchat sharing button snapchat
surfingbird sharing button surfingbird
telegram sharing button telegram
tumblr sharing button tumblr
twitter sharing button twitter
vk sharing button vk
wechat sharing button wechat
weibo sharing button weibo
whatsapp sharing button whatsapp
wordpress sharing button wordpress
xing sharing button xing
yahoomail sharing button yahoomail