Unicef has urged increased efforts to help more than 720,000 Rohingya children who are threatened either by the approaching cyclone season in Bangladesh or by ongoing violence and denial of their basic rights in Myanmar.
The UN child rights watchdog on Friday called on the Myanmar government to end the violence and to address what it terms as a crisis of human rights in Rakhine State, referring to restrictions on the Rohingya people's freedom of movement, extremely limited access to health care, education and livelihoods, and consequent dependence on humanitarian support.
In a report marking six months since the start of the latest exodus of Rohingya refugees into southern Bangladesh, Unicef says that floods caused by the forthcoming cyclone season are likely to engulf the fragile and insanitary camps where the most of the refugees are living, raising the likelihood of waterborne disease outbreaks and forcing clinics, learning centres and other facilities for children to close.
According to the report, an estimated 185,000 Rohingya children remain in Myanmar's Rakhine State, fearful of the violence and horror that drove so many of their relatives and neighbours to flee.
In Bangladesh, there are estimated to be 534,000 Rohingya refugee children from last year's and previous influxes.
"Some 720,000 Rohingya children are essentially trapped - either hemmed in by violence and forced displacement inside Myanmar or stranded in overcrowded camps in Bangladesh because they can't return home," said Manuel Fontaine, Unicef director of emergency programs.
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"This is a crisis without a quick fix that could take years to resolve unless there is a concerted effort to address its root causes," he added.
Chased from their homes and communities, the Rohingya are a people cast adrift, trapped in limbo and deprived of their basic rights, while facing fresh threats to their health and lives, the report states.
The report, titled “Lives in limbo: No end in sight to the threats facing Rohingya children,” says that the recognition of the Rohingya people's basic rights would create the conditions necessary for the refugees to return to their homes in Myanmar.
"People won't go home unless they are guaranteed safety and security, unless they have citizenship, unless they can send their children to school and have a chance of a future," said Fontaine.
Since August 2017, a lack of access to many parts of Rakhine State has severely restricted the work of Unicef and other humanitarian agencies.
Unicef says that immediate and unimpeded access to all children in the state is imperative, as well as longer-term efforts to address inter-communal tension and promote social cohesion.
In Bangladesh, aid efforts led and overseen by the government have averted disaster, while 79,000 Rohingya have been accommodated by local communities.
Unicef has been part of significant international response to address the crisis, supporting the digging of water bore wells, the installation of thousands of latrines, and immunization campaigns to protect children against cholera, measles and other diseases.