Thousands of South Koreans rallied in Seoul on Saturday demanding the resignation of President Park Geun-hye, as a crisis deepened over allegations a friend exerted inappropriate influence over her and interfered in state affairs.
The street protest came as prosecutors investigate presidential aides and other officials to determine whether they broke the law to allow Park’s friend, Choi Soon-sil, to wield undue influence and gain financially.
A look at what we know about the growing political scandal:
What Park has said
Park acknowledged having close ties to the woman, saying in a nationally televised address Tuesday that Choi helped her “when I had difficulties” in the past.
Park said Choi gave her advice on speeches and public relations issues during the 2012 presidential election campaign and for an unspecified time after Park’s 2013 inauguration. She didn’t mention the reports about Choi’s corruption scandal.
But the president’s acknowledgment that she got some help from Choi appeared to give credence to widespread media speculation that Choi, who doesn’t have any official government post, might have pulled strings behind the scenes and interfered in key state affairs.
Why the frenzy has been so big
Stories about Park’s statement Tuesday were on every major newspaper front page and led TV newscasts. Liberal opposition lawmakers demanded resignations from all of Park’s presidential advisers and Cabinet members.
Many South Koreans believe that Park’s acknowledgement is the tip of a much bigger iceberg, and that Choi was deeply involved in state affairs behind the scenes.
Park’s statement failed to soothe public anger. In fact, it triggered more questions about Choi’s role in her government. The acknowledgment also seems to feed into long-running criticism that Park doesn’t manage things transparently.
Who is the woman
Choi and Park reportedly became friends in the mid-1970s because Choi’s late father served as Park’s mentor. At the time, Park was serving as acting first lady after her mother was killed in 1974 by a man trying to assassinate her father.
Park’s ties with Choi’s father, Choi Tae-min, and his family have haunted her political career even after his 1994 death. Local media reports described the elder Choi as a cult leader who was once a Buddhist monk and allegedly used his relationship with Park to take bribes from government officials and businessmen.
The junior Choi is also the ex-wife of a man who served as Park’s chief adviser when she was in the National Assembly before she became president in February 2013. The man, Chung Yoon Hoe, had worked under Choi Tae-min.
A Japanese newspaper reported that Park was with Chung during a ferry sinking in 2014 that killed more than 300 people.
What it could mean for Park’s presidency
The ongoing scandal will likely hurt Park’s ability to govern and could deepen her lame duck status ahead of next year’s presidential election. Under South Korea’s constitution, Park cannot run for another term.
A lawmaker from the ruling Saenuri Party has asked her to leave the conservative party, and political observers say more lawmakers will likely make the same request to try to distance themselves from Park ahead of the 2017 election.
Calls for Park to reshuffle top officials and quit the ruling party could loosen her grip on state affairs at a time when South Korea faces assorted security and economic problems, including dealing with North Korea’s growing nuclear arsenal, low economic growth and falling exports.
Sources: Reuters, AP, The Washington Post