The US on Sunday threatened Russia of possible consequences if Navalny dies in jail
Russia's penitentiary service on Monday said it was transferring ailing Kremlin critic Alexei Navalny to prison hospital, as the EU warned it would hold Moscow "responsible" for the state of his health.
The United States on Sunday threatened Russia with "consequences" if President Vladimir Putin's major domestic opponent -- who launched a hunger strike three weeks ago -- dies in jail, with Navalny's private doctors warning at the weekend he could pass away at "any minute."
Russia's prison authorities, which have barred Navalny's own medical team from visiting him, said its doctors had decided to move him to a medical facility on the premises of another penal colony outside Moscow.
But the authorities insisted the anti-corruption campaigner's condition was "satisfactory," and said he was taking vitamin supplements as part of medical treatment.
Fears over Navalny's fate have added more fuel to soaring tensions between Moscow and the West over a build-up of Russian troops along the border with Ukraine and a spiralling diplomatic row with EU member state the Czech Republic.
EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said the bloc held the Russian authorities "responsible for the health situation of Mr Navalny" as foreign ministers from its 27 nations held virtual talks.
Borrell called Navalny's condition "very worrisome" and repeated demands that Moscow allows his chosen team of doctors to inspect him.
Lithuania's Foreign Minister Gabrielius Landsbergis pushed further, saying the bloc should prepare "a humanitarian mission" to fly him out of Russia for treatment.
"If the international community does not respond, the regime's opposition leader will be sent silently to his death," Landsbergis said.
The Kremlin dismissed the outcry from foreign leaders over Navalny's condition.
"The health of convicts in the Russia Federation cannot and should not be a topic concerning them," said Putin's spokesman Dmitry Peskov.
Navalny, 44, was arrested in Russia in January after returning from treatment in Germany for a near-fatal nerve agent poisoning he says was carried out by Moscow -- accusations denied by Putin's administration.
Sentenced to two-and-a-half years in prison for embezzlement, he began a hunger strike on March 31 demanding medical treatment for back pain and numbness to his hands and legs.
The EU in October sanctioned six Russian officials over the Novichok nerve agent attack on Navalny, and in February sanctioned another four individuals over his arrest and sentencing.
France's Foreign Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said on Sunday that those sanctions could be expanded.
Navalny's supporters have called for a major protest across Russia on Wednesday to demand his release, hours after a state-of-the-nation address by Putin.
Russian police -- who detained thousands during earlier protests over Navalny's jailing -- warned people not to demonstrate, saying officers would take "all necessary measures to maintain law and order."
The fraught ties with Russia were set to dominate the agenda as EU foreign ministers hold their regular monthly meetings.
The top diplomats held talks with Kiev's foreign minister Dmytro Kuleba over the major military build-up by Russia along Ukraine's borders and a surge in clashes with Russian-backed separatists.
Borrell described the situation on Ukraine's frontiers as "very dangerous" and called on Moscow to withdraw its troops.
Kiev has been battling Moscow-backed separatists in eastern Ukraine since 2014 and fighting intensified early this year, effectively shredding a ceasefire agreed last July.
Faced with the largest deployment of Russian troops on Ukraine's borders since 2014, President Volodymyr Zelensky has requested more help from the West.
Kuleba wrote on Twitter that he proposed a "step-by-step plan on how to discourage Moscow from further escalation."
"Key element: preparing a new set of sectoral sanctions. Individual ones are not sufficient anymore," he said.
Lithuania's Landsbergis insisted the EU should show it is willing to impose sanctions if Moscow crosses any more "red lines," but other members insist the bloc should wait to monitor developments.
EU foreign ministers are also set to be briefed on spiralling tensions between the Czech Republic and Russia.
Moscow on Sunday ordered out 20 Czech diplomats, a day after Prague announced it was expelling 18 Russian diplomats identified as secret agents of the SVR and GRU security services.
Czech authorities accused them of involvement in a deadly 2014 explosion on its soil at a military ammunition warehouse that killed two people.
Czech police said they were seeking two Russians in connection with the explosion and that the pair carried passports used by suspects in the poisoning of former Russian double agent Sergei Skripal in Britain in 2018.
The Kremlin slammed the Czech expulsions as "provocative and unfriendly."