Washington has no formal ties with Taiwan but is bound by law to help it defend itself and is the island's main source of arms
The United States is considering a new operation to send warships through the Taiwan Strait, US officials tell Reuters, a mission aimed at ensuring free passage through the strategic waterway but which risks heightening tensions with China.
The US Navy conducted a similar mission in the strait's international waters in July and any repeat would be seen in self-ruled Taiwan as a fresh expression of support by President Donald Trump's government.
The US military declined comment and US officials who discussed the deliberations, which have not been previously reported, did so on condition of anonymity. They did not discuss the potential timing for any fresh passage through the strait.
China views Taiwan as a wayward province and has been ramping up pressure to assert its sovereignty over the island. It raised concerns over US policy toward Taiwan in talks this week with US Defence Secretary Jim Mattis in Singapore.
Even as Washington mulls ordering a fresh passage through the strait, it has been trying to explain to Beijing that its policies toward Taiwan are unchanged.
Mattis delivered that message to China's Defence Minister Wei Fenghe personally on Thursday, on the sidelines of an Asian security forum.
"Minister Wei raised Taiwan and concerns about our policy. The Secretary reassured Minister Wei that we haven't changed our Taiwan policy, our one China policy," said Randall Schriver, a US assistant secretary of defence who helps guide Pentagon policy in Asia.
"So it was, I think, a familiar exchange."
Washington has no formal ties with Taiwan but is bound by law to help it defend itself and is the island's main source of arms. The Pentagon says Washington has sold Taiwan more than $15 billion in weaponry since 2010.
Taiwan is only one of a growing number of flashpoints in the US-China relationship, which also include a bitter trade war, US sanctions and China's increasingly muscular military posture in the South China Sea.
Mattis told Wei on Thursday that the world's two largest economies needed to deepen high-level military ties so as to navigate tension and rein in the risk of inadvertent conflict.
Some current and former US officials say US warship passages in the Taiwan Strait are still too infrequent, and note that a US aircraft carrier hasn't transited the Taiwan Strait since 2007, during the administration of George W Bush.
When the last two US warships, both destroyers, sailed through the Taiwan Strait in July, it was the first such operation in about a year.
Beijing, which has never renounced the use of force to bring Taiwan under its control, responded to the July passage with a warning to the United States to avoid jeopardizing "peace and stability" in the strategic waterway.
It has also viewed US overtures towards Taiwan with alarm, including its unveiling a new de facto embassy in Taiwan and passage of the Taiwan Travel Act, which encourages US officials to visit the island.
Military experts say the balance of power between Taiwan and China has shifted decisively in China's favour in recent years, and China could easily overwhelm the island unless US forces came quickly to Taiwan's aid.
China has also alarmed Taiwan by ramping up military exercises this year, including flying bombers and other military aircraft around the island and sending its aircraft carrier through the narrow Taiwan Strait separating it from Taiwan.
Taiwan's President Tsai Ing-wen said last week the island will increase its defence budget every year to ensure it can defend its sovereignty, including resuming domestic development of advanced training aircraft and submarines.
"At this time, China's intimidation and diplomatic pressure not only hurts relations between both sides, but seriously challenges the peaceful stability in the Taiwan Strait," she said in a National Day speech in Taipei on October 10.
Her remarks came ahead of island-wide local elections in late November that are seen as a bellwether for her ruling party's performance in presidential elections due in 2020.