President Francois Hollande assured Israel on Sunday that France would continue to oppose an easing of economic sanctions against Iran until it was convinced Tehran had given up any pursuit of nuclear weapons.
Hollande’s pledge could help underpin an intensive campaign by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to convince Israel’s main ally, the United States, and other leading powers to toughen terms of a proposed nuclear deal with Iran ahead of negotiations reconvening this week in Geneva.
Differences over how to ensure Iran does not obtain nuclear weapons have opened a rift between Netanyahu and US President Barack Obama, whose relationship has long been fraught. France has taken a tough line with Iran, helping Paris forge closer ties with Tehran’s foes in Israel and the Gulf.
“France will not give way on nuclear proliferation,” Hollande said at a welcoming ceremony at Tel Aviv airport. “So long as we are not certain that Iran has renounced nuclear arms, we will keep in place all our demands and sanctions.”
After Hollande’s three-day state visit, Netanyahu is due to travel to Moscow on Wednesday to see Russian President Vladimir Putin and return to Israel to meet US Secretary of State John Kerry on Friday - by which point US and Russian officials have said a preliminary deal with Iran might have been struck.
Netanyahu has condemned a proposal, to be discussed by Iran in talks starting on Wednesday with six powers - France, China, Britain, Germany, Russia and the United States - to ease sanctions if it suspends some nuclear activities.
“I hope that we will be able to persuade our friends during this week and in the days that follow to get a much better agreement,” Netanyahu told his cabinet.
Netanyahu says tough Western measures must not only remain in place but be strengthened until Iran dismantles its entire uranium enrichment program, arguing that anything less would enable it to develop nuclear bombs.
“A good deal is a deal that strips Iran of capabilities for preparing fissile material for a nuclear bomb,” he said at a news conference with Hollande.
“These capabilities are the centrifuges, which are being used for this purpose, not for the purpose of peaceful nuclear energy, and the dismantling of the plutonium reactors, heavy water, which are also being used exclusively for preparing a nuclear bomb,” Netanyahu said.
Hollande reaffirmed France’s conditions for an interim deal: put all Iranian nuclear installations under international surveillance, suspend 20 percent uranium enrichment, reduce existing enriched uranium stocks and stop construction of a heavy water plant at Arak that could potentially produce weapons-grade plutonium.
“These are the points that are essential to us to underpin a deal,” Hollande said.
Netanyahu has rejected Obama’s contention that any loosening of sanctions in an interim agreement could be reversed if Iran failed to abide by its terms.
“In practice, that may be the president’s desire and intention ... but I already see the countries and the investors and the companies scrambling to get to Iran,” Netanyahu told CNN, saying an easing of sanctions now would bring lasting new investment and trade to Iran.
“Increase the sanctions,” he urged. “In fact, if you do a bad deal, you may get to the point where your only option is a military option.”
Hollande acknowledged at the news conference that progress had been made toward a deal with Iran.
“That is undeniable. But it did not seem enough, which is why France played its full role in the negotiations for an interim deal that should lead to a final accord. We made demands, and those demands will remain for everyone taking part,” he said.
In remarks broadcast on Saturday, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said the six world powers and Iran were close to a preliminary agreement. His comments came a day after a senior US official said a deal could be reached in the negotiations this coming week.