A war can be ruinous, harsh and fatal, while songs are mostly sentimental, touching and stimulating. Music has been an integral part of warfare and soldiers’ lives since the dawn of history, which functions as a means of communication and a psychological weapon.
The Liberation War of Bangladesh also had its fair share of influences and inspirations from songs. In fact, the post-massacre songs are some of the most politically conscious and influential tracks in our language. Apart from the political struggle and the war waged by the Mukti Bahini, music served as a great tool of motivation for the nation as a whole. Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendro also played a major role in helping to diffuse these revolutionary tunes and lyrics into the minds of every Bengali listening to them.
On the occasion of our Independence Day, here’s a list of some songs, which helped to uplift the spirits of the freedom fighters, and console the martyrs’ families afterwards.
“Joy Bangla Banglar Joy”
Written by Gazi Mazharul Anwar, composed by Anwar Parvez and sung by the renowned singer Mohammad Abdul Jabbar, this song carries optimism and inspiration in every word. “Joy Bangla Banglar Joy” soon became the signature tune of the Swadhin Bangla Betar Kendro during the war.
“Mora Ekti Phulke Bachabo Bole Juddho Kori”
With Gobindo Haldar’s lyrics and Apel Mahmood’s composition, this track is arguably one of the most influential songs of the Liberation War. This song narrates how the fighters of this nation were ready to sacrifice themselves in order to save their beloved land.
“Teer Hara Ei Dheuer Shagor”
Written by Gobindo Haldar, this song was composed by Apel Mahmood and sung by Rothin Roy. Beacause of its powerful lyrics, the song has inspired many freedom fighters. The war has ended but “Teer Hara Ei Dheuer Shagor” has sustained as the symbol of youth, valour and diligence to date.
“Shono, Ekti Mujiborer Theke”
Written by Gauriproshonno Majumdar and composed by Angshuman Roy, this song spread the message of the father of the nation, Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and inspired freedom fighters to fight for their country.
“Purbo Digante Shurjo Utheche”
Written by Gobindo Haldar and composed by Samar Das, the song was labelled as the “Shongramer Gaan” (The song of Liberation), and helped to motivate freedom fighters at that time.
“Karar Oi Louho Kopat”
Written and composed by our national poet Kazi Nazrul Islam, this song is also known as “Bhangar Gaan”. The Rebel Poet is believed to have written this song while he was in prison.
“Nongor Tolo Tolo”
Written by Nayeem Gohor and composed by Samar Das “Nongor Tolo Tolo” inspired the general people to raise the anchor, because it was time for the patriots to sail for freedom.
“Bhebo Nago Ma Tomar Chelera”
Written by Mostafizur Rahman and composed by Samar Das, the song consoles the mothers of the countless martyrs and ensures that their death will always be remembered, along with the spirit they gave up their lives for.
“Rokto Diye Naam Likhechi”
Written by Abdul Kashem Shondhip and composed by Sujeyo Shyam, the song narrates the sacrifice and determination to achieve independence, which we have gained in exchange of the blood of the martyrs.
“Chol Chol Chol, Urdhogogone Baajey Madol”
Written by our national poet, Kazi Nazrul Islam, this song has turned into our national war anthem.
“Banglar Hindu, Banglar Boddho, Banglar Christian, Banglar Musolman”
Written by Gauriproshonno Majumdar and composed by Shamar Roy, the song speaks about a united Bangladesh, which accommodates religious differences. It urged every citizen of the country, from all walks of life and religion, to take up arms and fight for their independence.