There are exciting times ahead for Bangladesh’s digital sector
Our world is moving faster and when it comes to communicating through mobile network, we have seen lots of changes.
Worldwide, the expansion of 3G had reached 500 million people over the course of nine years between 2001 and 2010 and the expansion of 4G has reached the same amount of people over the course of six years. 5G, however, is expected to reach 500 million users in half that time (only three years).
Looking into smartphones, we can find this similar scenario. It took three years to bring a full phase 3G smartphone, 4G handsets took three years as well, however 5G standard smartphones have been brought into market within the same year of 5G standards’ inauguration.
Besides, in the current context, it can be seen that 5G is accelerating more in the market, globally. From Africa, Latin America, Europe, the Middle East, and Asia -- 5G has already been initiated and reached more than 61 contracts. The key focus remains on the enhanced Mobile Broadband (eMBB) and the Fixed Wireless Access (FWA), which is wireless and high-speed internet. Currently 70% of the global 5G networks are powered by Huawei.
According to November statistics, Huawei has the largest number of 5G patents so far.
In the 5G industry report, we believe in allegiance all around. All of our devices, including the networks and spectrum, are ready. We believe that by 2025, the global connection of 5G will reach 1.25 billion. Bangladesh will be contributing in this number as well. And to be more specific, this country has already marked its footprint in 5G by accomplishing the first successful trial of 5G in cooperation with ROBI and Huawei technologies Bangladesh last year. This is the sixth successful 5G trial globally.
In 5G, the typical speed of one user can reach 1.6 gigabits per second. And, in the household activities, users will get a data transfer rate of 800 megabits per second. So in this way, users can easily get 10 times more speed than what they are currently getting.
However, 5G is not limited to internet only, but it will also introduce services like connected auto-driving car, service drones, VR based education/entertainment, and the internet of things (IoT). Internet of things and Big Data are what we are bringing to the digital evolution.
About the IoT potentials in Bangladesh, the country already has the technology to connect people but this is not enough. Currently, there are smart watches and smart phones but in future, glasses, home electronics, furniture, kitchen kits, and many tools will have intelligence.
For the IoT eco-system structure, there are four layers where the APP platform remains on top with huge number of smart apps.
In 5G, there will also be smart health services including the ability to perform robotic surgery and remote rescues from places where usually it would take a long time for an ambulance to reach. Additionally, remote consultation, and wireless health and location monitoring services will be available as well. All of these would be essential to the progress and development of health care in Bangladesh.
Smart street lighting is also necessary since it saves around 50% of electricity in civil consumption. While smart parking would also be introduced and make car owners’ lives much easier. Smart education would include live eClassrooms, digital resource management, and make the students capable to connect from anywhere, record the class for future study, and create an unbound opportunity to learn.
This would also include VR learning, remote education, and learning through simulations. In order to evolve to this future, there are step-by-step instructions that are suggested.
The government will also need to work on this and set up regulations. Network is also important as on the IoT side. It needs flexible access, and cost-effectiveness. Bangladesh government is willing to launch 5G services and for that it is necessary to create long-term policy formulation in order to achieve Digital Bangladesh and the SDG goals.
Meanwhile to enhance technology adaptability further and carry the power of internet connectivity to the doorsteps of this enthusiastic nation, more flexible regulation can be designed.
Government’s encouragement and elasticity would play the most significant role in flourishing the era of IoT and 5G where only openness and creativity would help to build the eco-system in the quickest. Huawei, being the leading solution provider of 5G technology, would love to contribute in all possible ways to fulfill the dream of “Digital Bangladesh.”
Jerry Wang Shiwu is Chief Technical Officer, Huawei Technologies (Bangladesh) Ltd.