Why tech is the most important kind of power
We talk about economic superpowers and military superpowers, but the question is, how can a country become a technologically advanced nation?
In this case, we can see Israel’s strategy of becoming a technological state. It is a matter of surprise that more than 4,000 technological industries have been established in this country, with little more than 8 million people.
Reputed companies like Cisco, PayPal, Microsoft, Google, Facebook, Apple, and Intel are largely dependent on Israel. As new kinds of products and technologies are coming from these institutions, the path of Israel’s research and development activities has become noteworthy.
There are more than 80 research centres and neo-technology centres in Israel. Israeli technologists and researchers working in these research centres are building next-generation iPhone hardware, Google’s new technologies, Intel’s processors, and Microsoft Windows tech. In addition, they have also been researching new conceptualizations of modified technologies.
From technology, there is one major part of Israel's income -- which is 12.5% of the GDP of the country. But in the 90s, they started the “Yozma Program (Initiative)” to overcome the economic disaster that caused Israel’s 100% inflation.
According to the plan, the Israeli government creates a fund of $100 million, allowing foreign companies to invest 60%. If a foreign company can do a profitable business, the investor company is entitled to 100% ownership by paying the government money with little interest.
Many may think that if the ownership goes to foreign companies, then Israel will be affected. This is not exactly the case. When companies get ownership rights, they become interested in investing more money.
Israel is now known as the land of entrepreneurs
According to a survey, for every employee of every organization in the country, the amount of investment has increased by $150 per year. Another thing is that Israel is dominant in technological education.
Universities serve as research institutes, not working as traditional educational institutions. This avenue is funded by various foreign companies. Through this, external organizations apply the results of basic and applied research to the development of their industry.
On the other hand, Israeli students have started teaching alongside professional researchers. As a result, students blossom as entrepreneurs, with new ideas.
In our education system, the creation of technological entrepreneurs should be considered seriously. Again, technology-based investment strategies can be applied to our country’s perspective. The hope is that the present government has taken initiatives to inspire the researchers by creating a culture of research.
Recently, Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina said to the public servants: “If you work with innovative power, then you have to take steps to think about the welfare of the people. "
Young people of the country are able to give new technical concepts to any topic through a2i (access to information) led by the PM. If these ideas are commercialized, then our country will move ahead in the field of technology, and on the other hand, the youth will also be encouraged.
When Japan was lagging behind in all aspects after World War II, they introduced a change in attitude. Although damaged by technology, they did not engage themselves in its negative assumptions, adopted a plan to counter it with positive technology.
Its original mantra was that the use of technology would not be through demolition, but through creation. That is why they decided that “one village one product” would be exported abroad.
The aim of this program is to produce good quality products at very low prices. Considering this matter, they started a thematic diploma course to build product-based manpower.
In just 20 years, in 1975, 56% of the people were educated in technical diploma education. The use of collective efforts of these technically knowledgeable people, using local raw materials and technology, was a real reflection of the state’s thinking.
The Japanese emphasize team-based efforts rather than the single efforts of technology development. One thing that is clear here is that it is not possible to become a technological country without the practical application of tech education.
Bangladesh is now planning for special industrial areas and IT parks. This is an initiative to be very optimistic about.
China has had special industrial zones since 1980 -- how they are maintaining these industries, what kind of planning is going on etc, are things that should be noted.
Our country will also have to take note of how countries like the US, UK, Russia, Germany, Canada, Australia, Singapore, and others have become as technological powers. Only then will the country and people advance.
Mohammed Asaduzzaman Chowdhury is an educationist at Dhaka University of Engineering and Technology, Gazipur.