Bangladesh government has claimed to give the highest importance to the education sector for ensuring the manifestation of education for all policies. Our education budget might look mighty, but compared to other South Asian countries, Bangladesh has the lowest percentage of budget allocation for this sector. Another important aspect is how it is spent with proper ideas, planning and execution, apart from hiring the right people in the education ministry and hiring genuinely qualified teachers. Thus, education plays an important role in this modern and competitive world, where we are falling back every hour of the day and this silent damage can be devastating in the future.
The highly debated grading policies of school level
Introduction of (Primary Education Completion Examination) or PSC and JSC examinations in primary and secondary levels have encouraged the students to drill and memorize, rather than understanding or expanding creativity. It has discouraged thinking and reasoning for young learners deliberately. Education experts, researchers, intelligent citizens, teachers and guardians have questioned the value of these examinations. It doesn't contribute to improving the teaching or learning process, whereas it is imposing judgements on the minds of little children. It is important for teachers to provide day-to-day attention to ascertain if their students are learning what they are supposed to learn. In educational terms, this is more important than assessments like PSC or JSC. In the developed countries even board exams like SSC and HSC are being substituted by classes of 11 and 12 to encourage learning and remove the unnecessary burden of students.
Questions getting leaked at every stage
Be it SSC or HSC, medical exams, university admission exams, or the most prestigious BCS exams – name it and you will find the news of questions being leaked there. The most alarming of them all is that, recently primary school questions of PSC and JSC are being leaked. “This is an everyday scene. Children start scrolling their mobile phones around 9am and share the questions among themselves before every JSC exam,” said Nilufer Akter, a parent who accompanied her child to the exam hall regularly. In some cases it is caused by the parents' unapologetic desires of good grades and success for their children. Because questions of class 1 exams are being leaked according to newspapers, so if not the tiny little students then it must be the parents getting a piece of that leaked question in their dirty hands. Not only questions, certificates are readily available in exchange for money, in all stages too, from primary to higher education.
Lack of genuinely qualified teachers with the right motive
Around 41% high schools of our country cannot prepare creative questions. Nearly 55% teachers of primary schools do not understand the creative system. According to a recent survey conducted by Research for Advancement of Complete Education (RACE), more than half of 100 primary school teachers, who took part in a survey, are still unclear about creative education method introduced many years back. These problems are the root causes behind the growth of coaching centres as well as the guidebook publications and it has become an unavoidable part of the system. In a research carried out by UNICEF it was found that most teachers at the primary level were under qualified – they lack any sort of training and are not mentally suitable as teachers and mentors of the minds of the future generations. Apart from junior education many students of university or higher education are taking online assistance for better understanding as the lecturer or professor is failing to do so. Memorization encourages cheating and discourages thinking and so the existing system produces unthinking generations of cheating future leaders.
Absence of moral values and self responsibility
Besides parents, it is the duty of the teachers to develop and nurture the child’s moral, mental and social personality; to bring up the child as a patriotic, responsible, inquiring and law-abiding citizen, and develop in him/her the love for justice, dignity, labour, proper conduct and uprightness. If this was executed properly our newspapers wouldn’t have to carry the burden of all the negative incidents happening around.
The education is only exam-based, aimed to secure a particular grade only (A+). Nobody seems to seek knowledge any more. Our secondary and higher secondary curriculum doesn't reflect market demand or job-oriented syllabus.
Hence, it seems we are taking ourselves back to the dark times without any outside intervention. The system of education is becoming our biggest opposition in terms of the prosperous and desired future of Bangladesh.