Premarital health screening is characterised as directing examination for couples planning to wed; keeping in mind that the end goal is to recognise if there is any damage with hereditary blood maladies, for example, sickle-cell anemia (SCA) and Thalassemia, and some infectious sicknesses, for example, hepatitis B, C and HIV "Aids". This is so as to give restorative counsel on the chances of transmitting these diseases to the next generation later on, and to give choices and alternatives before prospective weds with the point of helping them get ready for a healthy, sound family.
This article should not give you cold jitters but rather help you understand the physiology of your partner to build the right kind of diet, habits and plan for children. It is only to help couples equip themselves with the right knowledge and tools to move forward in the together-life. There are many accredited premarital screening centres throughout Bangladesh; in fact any mediocre healthcare facility will provide the service.
The five medical tests you should do before marriage are:
1. Test for HIV and other sexual transmitted diseases (STDs)
With prevalent pervasiveness of HIV and different STDs, it is essential that life partners should ask for their accomplices to be screened for these sicknesses prior to marriage. HIV, hepatitis B and C are long lasting conditions that if not legitimately treated can put genuine strain on the marriage.
2. Test for blood group
Knowledge of your spouse blood group, through premarital tests, will alert your doctor to institute preventive measures which are used to prevent rhesus incompatibility reactions during pregnancy.
3. Test for sickle cell gene
Sickle cell Anemia is an incessant and incapacitating medicinal condition caused by deformity in red blood cells. As the name infers, these cells are molded as a 'sickle' and this influence their capacity to go through little veins to supply oxygen to cells and tissue. This calls for most emergencies experienced by sickle cell patients.
4. Fertility test
This may sound strange or unusual, yet frankly, fertility test is one more of the premarital tests that all planning roadsters ought to do before saying “I do.” This is imperative since fertility issues can be tended to but the treatment may span over a long period of time, even a couple of years, yikes! So it is best to start early.
5. Testing for possible genetic/chronic medical conditions
Marriage is a deep rooted responsibility with the two partners taking care of each another. Learning of conceivable hereditary or interminable states of your partner will go far in helping the two on the most proficient method to best plan for the difficulties ahead. Early testing permits couples to look for restorative care before the medicinal conditions get to its terminal stage. This test depends on the region and the common chronic/genetic condition seen in that populace. Be that as it may, it should certainly incorporate screening for diabetes, test for hypertension, certain cancers, kidney diseases and test for Thalassemia.