Further analysis of the genome sequencing is underway
Scientists from Chattogram Veterinary and Animal Sciences University (CVASU) and Bangladesh Jute Research Institute (BJRI) have unveiled the genome sequence of seven samples of Covid-19 in Bangladesh for the first time.
This research was conducted by the initiative of Directorate General of Health Services (DGHS), Bangladesh Institute of Tropical and Infectious Diseases (BITID), Chittagong, the Education Ministry, and Agriculture Ministry.
CVASU issued a press release over the matter on Thursday.
They claimed the genotypes of the new coronavirus, which has spread to Saudi Arabia, Singapore, Russia, and Australia, are similar.
The research team collected samples from seven Covid-19 infected patients for sequencing genome in the Chittagong division.
A total of 20 more samples have been sent to BJRI to find out the gene pattern and uncover more information, which will be submitted to the International Influenza Database within a week.
Primarily, they have found that there are no similarities with the genetic code of the virus found in Dhaka and Chittagong.
Rather, there are some similarities with the genetic code of the virus found in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), Singapore, Australia, and Russia, CVASU said in the press release.
In Chittagong and adjoining districts, it will be possible to know for the first time what kind of virus is being transmitted to various coronavirus affected patients.
The members of the research team are Pathology and Parasitology Prof Junaid Siddiqui, Microbiology and Veterinary Public Health Prof Paritosh Kumar Biswas, Dr Iftekhar Ahmed Rana, Dr Sirajul Islam, BITID Director Prof MA Hasan Chowdhury, Prof Shakil Ahmed, and Bangladesh Jute Research Institute Dr Shahidul Islam, and Dr Sabbir Hossain.
After the outbreak of coronavirus in Bangladesh, BITID and CVASU started coronavirus detection activities on March 25 and April 25, respectively.
Later, the researchers from three institutes successfully completed the genome sequence for the novel coronavirus, Sars-Cov2 in the laboratory of BJRI, using the Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) method for two weeks. Vice-Chancellor of CVASU, Prof Gautam Buddha Das provided patronage and coordinated the research team.
Discovery of the genome pattern will make easier and find out what kind of virus has spread in which district; which species of the virus has now spread to different parts of Bangladesh and where is its form, nature, and place of origin; detailed changes in the molecular structure of the virus over time and its effects; which species of coronavirus will be applicable to Bangladesh in future vaccine production; Possibilities and effects of the emergence of new species due to reorganization or mutation of the virus.
This genome layout will also play an important role in proving the innovation and expertise of Bangladeshi researchers in the international research platform.
Earlier on May 13, Eight researchers at the Child Health Research Foundation (CHRF) led by Dr Senjuti Saha and her father, eminent microbiologist Dr Samir Kumar Saha also claimed to complete the genome sequence for the novel coronavirus.