A research published in the British Medical Journal reports that in 2010, the global TFAs intake was 0.2 to 6.5% of the total energy intake
While the country does not have a credible data on consumption of trans fatty acids (TFA), the behavioral pattern of increasing TFA consumption is causing higher number of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Bangladesh, said speakers at a Dhaka seminar.
Recognizing the negative impact of trans fat consumption, Abu Ahmed Shamim, associate scientist of the Non Communicable Disease (NCD) unit of James P Grant School of Public Health under BRAC University said there is no specific data on consumption patterns of trans fat in Bangladesh.
Underscoring the urgency of addressing the impact of TFA consumption, a seminar was organized on Wednesday at Bangladesh Medical Association (BMA ) jointly hosted by Anti Tobacco Media Alliance (ATMA) and Progga, anti-tobacco alliance.
A research published in the British Medical Journal reports that in 2010, the global TFAs intake was 0.2 to 6.5% of the total energy intake. Another research India has found that in India, 25% of the street foods sold in Delhi and the Indian state of Haryana contain much higher levels of TFAs than permissible limit.
Alarmingly, the report also found that TFAs make up 6 to 39% of the PHOs or Bansapati/Daldas available and consumed in India and Pakistan, he added.
Dr. Sheikh Mohammad Mahbubus Sobhan, lead of Elimination of Trans Fat Program of the National Heart Foundation Hospital and Research Institute in Dhaka, said trans fat increases levels of LDL (unhealthy) cholesterol and decreases levels of HDL (healthy) cholesterol and it may increase inflammation and cause dysfunction along the interior surface of blood vessels and lymphatic vessels.
He said consuming high level of trans fat increases rate of death to 34%.
Trans-fat intake in the industrialized countries has been reduced dramatically, Sobhan said.
Abu Ahmed Shamim said next-door neighbor India has started working on the TFA consumption pattern since 2013, and they have developed a planned measure to reduced to 2% by 2023, that the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended.
Bangladesh Coordinator of Global Health Advocacy Incubator, Muhammad Ruhul Quddus said “We have only four years in hand to achieve the target determined by WHO. Therefore, it would be judicious for the government to adopt a measurable approach to achieve the target.”