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Every year, under-5 mortality comes down by 5.5%

  • Published at 11:14 pm October 20th, 2017
  • Last updated at 02:33 am October 22nd, 2017
Every year, under-5 mortality comes down by 5.5%
Under-five mortality rate in Bangladesh has dropped by an annual 5.5% over the last 16 years till 2016, shows a new report issued by United Nations agencies. The report said in every 1,000 under-five children in Bangladesh, 37 male and 32 female children had died in 2016. Every day in 2016, 15,000 children died before their fifth birthday. Of all those children, 46% died within first 28 days of life, which is up from 41% in 2000. In every 100 newborn in South Asia, thirty-nine died while in Sub-Saharan Africa the ratio was 38. The report, titled ‘Levels and Trends in Child Mortality 2017’, was published on Thursday. It was prepared by the Inter-agency Group for Child Mortality Estimation – comprised of Unicef, World Health Organisation (WHO), World Bank and the Population Division in the UN Department for Economic and Social Affairs. On the occasion,  UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs Liu Zhenmin said: “This new report highlights the remarkable progress since 2000 in reducing mortality among children under age five.” “The lives of 50 million children under-five have been saved since 2000, a testament to the serious commitment by governments and development partners to tackle preventable child deaths,” said Unicef Chief of Health Stefan Swartling Peterson. The report noted that that many lives can be saved if global inequities are reduced. “If all countries achieved the average mortality of high-income countries, 87% of under-five deaths could have been averted and almost 5 million lives could have been saved in 2016.” Pneumonia and diarrhea top the list of infectious diseases, accounting for 16% and 8% deaths globally respectively. Preterm birth complications and complications during labour or child birth were the causes of 30% of newborn deaths in 2016. Dr Flavia Bustreo of WHO said: “To prevent illness, families require financial power, their voices to be heard and access to quality care. Improving quality of services and timely care during and after childbirth must be prioritised.”