Bangladesh has expressed its dismay over the lack of progress at the UN climate change talks in Bonn, Germany, with one member of the country’s delegation describing the draft text on “loss and damage” provisions as “absurd”.
The dissatisfaction surfaced at a press briefing held by the Bangladesh delegation on Thursday at the venue of the 23rd Conference of Parties (COP23) in Germany.
“We have only two days left in this year’s discussion and still there is no remarkable progresses for finance,” former environment minister Dr Hasan Mahmud, a member of the delegation, told the briefing.
“There is no progress in adaptation finance, but in case of loss and damage discussion the draft text approved the climate insurance for vulnerable people, which is absurd.”
Dr Mahmud added that Bangladesh had ratified the Paris Agreement with the hope that the global community would share the collective responsibility for a shared prosperity.
“Negotiations under different thematic areas like NDC, adaptation communication, transparency framework, global stocktake and compliance mechanism are progressing at a different pace,” he said.
Bangladesh Environment Minister Anwar Hossain Manju, who is leading the country’s delegation in Bonn, said in a statement that the overall progress did not correspond to their expectations.
“We have to work very hard in the next session to advance the negotiations aiming to produce draft-negotiating text on Paris Rulebook,” he said.
“We hope, after years of negotiations on transparency of climate finance, the parties would be able to agree on a draft conclusion for COP consideration on its mandate of working out modalities of accounting of climate finance, which will put an end to controversies about climate finance.”
His statement also revealed that Bangladesh has sought a simple procedural decision regarding the Adaptation Fund for it to serve the Paris Agreement. “This fund is very important for the vulnerable developing countries and particularly LDCs and SIDs,” the minister said.
The statement added that Bangladesh has to address the issues of adaptation with the technologies that can deal with protecting its population by providing early warning and by minimising the potential economic and livelihood damages from the extreme climate change impacts that the country is already facing.
The environment minister also said in a separate speech during the high-level segment that the success of the Paris Agreement would largely depend on the ability of its members to implement their mitigation and adaptation plans and strategies.
“Effective implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) by the countries is also critical,” he said.
Reasserting the need for substantial support for vulnerable countries in terms of finance, technology and capacity building, the minister said the delivery mechanisms for support are not as effective as expected.
He also said: “Although adaptation is our priority, nevertheless, we are focusing on energy efficiency, energy conservation and renewable energy.
“We have achieved a major success through the installation of over 4.5 million Solar Home Systems across the country, especially in remote rural areas. We are working on a climate resilient cropping system, too.”