The organization also observed the good practices by local suppliers in the international supply chain
A report unveiled by a Hong Kong-based supply chain compliance solutions provider, QIMA, ranked Bangladesh second as per their evaluation list on ethical auditing.
The report reads that Bangladesh stood out among major manufacturing countries in South Asia.
The organization also observed the good practices by local suppliers in the international supply chain for the country's supply.
Taiwan came in first followed by Vietnam in the third position and then by Thailand, Pakistan, Turkey, China, India, and Brazil. China stood seventh on the list behind Turkey and Pakistan.
QIMA conducts these assessments based on health and safety, hygiene, waste management, child labour, working hours, benefits and labour practices.
The report, titled "2020 in Review: Global Trade Covid Disruption Shows Transformations in Consumption Habits and Rampant Ethical Risks, as China Sourcing Beats the Odds," mentioned that the pandemic aggravated human rights risks in global supply chains.
The QIMA audit data sourced data from reopened factories and remote audit states that the figure critical non-compliances increased by more than 100% in the second half of 2020 compared to the first.
Some of the most pertinent issues are working hours and wage compliance.
In China, 14% of the factories inspected were given failed grades due to serious violations of working hours and wages.
Examples of violations include imposing sanitation duties as unpaid overtime, as well as forcing workers to work overtime to meet strict schedules for high-demand products such as personal protective equipment (PPE).
In response to growing ethical risks and limited physical access to the factory, more businesses are accelerating the adoption of technological solutions for compliance and quality control, including remote auditing, worker voice solutions, and integrated QC and compliance platforms that enable them to map networking, and achieve better visibility across multiple supply chain levels, Qima said in the report.
China, the first victim of the Covid-19, showed some resilience in 2020, QIMA said.
After a catastrophic first quarter marked by a manufacturing stagnation and demand shocks, China gradually followed a steady path to recovery for the rest of 2020.
Towards the end of the second quarter, demand for inspection and monitoring in China returned to the 2019 level and from there continued to increase throughout the second half of the year, with lockdowns being restored in multiple western geographies due to stalling in December alone.