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Bangladesh has more internally displaced people than Myanmar

  • Published at 11:42 pm December 15th, 2019
Rohingya camp
File photo of a Rohingya Camp Syed Zakir Hossain/Dhaka Tribune

Syria has the highest number of displaced people, 6.1 million; followed by Colombia, 5.8 million

According to the latest report, Bangladesh has more internally displaced people, due to conflict and violence, than Myanmar.

Bangladesh was placed in seventeenth place, whereas Myanmar stands at the eighteenth, according to the Global Migration Report-2020. The latest report was revealed on Sunday, at the secretariat of the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Dhaka.

Giorgi Gigauri, chief of mission of IOM Bangladesh, unveiled the report; while Pravina Gurung, head of migration and development at IOM; and Ishita Shruti, head of mission support and innovation division, disclosed some vital facts and figures as well.

Syria has the highest number of displaced people, 6.1 million; followed by Colombia, 5.8 million. 

Bangladesh, however, ranked at the top among countries with stateless persons, in terms of the size of the population; consist of stateless as well as internally displaced persons.

In 2018, Bangladesh had around 906,000 stateless persons, followed by Côte d'Ivoire, 692,000 and Myanmar, 620,000.

UNHCR, however, for the first time includes Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh and Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in the Rakhine State of Myanmar, in its 2017 and 2018 data of stateless persons.

Meanwhile, Bangladesh held the sixth position in terms of migrants living abroad in 2019 - more than 7 million, while India has the largest number 17.5 million, followed by Mexico 11.8 million, and China 10.7 million.

With regard to remittance transfer often by foreign workers to their home country, Bangladesh lagged behind in the world remittance inflow list in 2018. Although the amount of remittance inflow has increased slightly, from $15.30 billion in 2015 to $15.54 billion in 2018. 

It was $10.85 billion in 2010. Whereas, India received the highest remittance $44.4 billion.

The top destination country for migrants has remained the United States which is home to 50.7 million international migrants. It also remained the top remittance sending country, $ 68 billion, followed by the United Arab Emirates $ 44.4 billion and Saudi Arabia $ 36.1 billion. 

3.5% of the world population has been migrants globally in 2019, which is nearly 272 million. Of them, 74 per cent were of working age, 20 to 64 years.

In between 2013 and 2017, high-income countries experienced a slight drop in migrant workers, scaling down from 112.3 to 111.2 million. Whereas, upper-middle-income countries observed the biggest increase, from 17.5 million to 30.5 million.

The global refugee population was 25.9 million in 2018, out of them 52 per cent was under the age of 18 years.

Syria and Turkey were the origin and host of the largest number of refugees globally, 6.7 million, and 3.7 million respectively.

Over the past two decades, from 2000 to 2020, international migrants have increased by 122 million, from 150 to 272 million.