Government urged to raise voice in favour of vulnerable countries to gain climate fund shares
The government of Bangladesh has been urged to raise its voice at the upcoming global climate summit 2019 to press excessive greenhouse gas (GHG) emitting countries to pay losses and damages to the most vulnerable countries (MVCs) in the next policy adaptation and to disburse committed funds.
This call was made at a press conference at the National Press Club in Dhaka on Tuesday, by Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) on climate advocacy networks, a platform of local non government organizations fighting to obtain climate change funds as per the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), .
The UNFCCC's 25th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP 25) will take place in Madrid between December 2–13 this year, under the presidency of the government of Chile, with logistical support from the government of Spain.
The conference is designed to take the next crucial steps in the UN climate change process to address the demands of the MVCs and bring down GHG to the permissible limit of 1.5% in order to reduce global warming.
Speaking at the press conference, Aminul Hoque of Equity BD said the COP 25 is highly important for the government of Bangladesh as the conference is going to formulate the implementation guidelines under Article-6 of the Paris Agreement which will be followed by all the countries in framing their respective National Determined Contribution (NDC) in compliance with actions for mitigation.
Md Shamsuddoha of the Center for Participatory Research and Development (CPRD) said that access to the Green Climate Fund (GCF) is becoming very complicated due to the frequent changing of rules and processes bypassing funding principles, which is ultimately disrupting the rights of the MVCs.
The GCF is a fund established within the framework of the UNFCCC as an operating entity of the financial mechanism to assist developing countries in adaptation and mitigation practices to counter climate change impacts.
"Access to the fund is crucial for Bangladesh, and here, our government must take a tough stance in the COP 25," he said.
He said the developed countries responsible for emitting higher quantities of GHG have to endorse the losses and damages of the MVCs to offer compensation.
Besides, migration caused by climate change impact from and within the MVCs needs to be taken care of with proper financial assistance, he added.
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) said climate migration is a reality in all parts of the world. However, the situation in what is known as “vulnerable countries,” represents a particular challenge.
It further said that the vulnerable countries are Least Developed Countries (LDCs), Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs), and Small Island Developing States (SIDS).
In 2016, the 15 countries with the highest vulnerability to natural hazards were LDCs, LLDCs and SIDS. These countries are disproportionately affected by the negative impacts of climate change and are often least able to cope, due to their structural constraints and geographical disadvantages.
The Climate Risk Index (CRI) for 1998-2017 placed Bangladesh at seventh (7th) position among the top ten affected countries.
The COP 25 is designed to take the next crucial steps in the UN climate change redressal process, following the agreement on the implementation guidelines of the Paris Agreement at COP 24 in Poland last year.
The Madrid conference furthermore serves to build ambition ahead of 2020, the year in which countries have committed to submit new and updated national climate action plans.
Md Ziaul Hoque Mukta from Center for Sustainable Rural Livelihood (CSRL), Md Mostafa Kamal Akand of COAST Trust, Kawser Rahman of Bangladesh Climate Journalist Forum (BCJF), Md Badrul Alam of Krishak Federation, Atiqur Rahaman Tipu of Coastal Development Partnership (CDP), and others, spoke at the program.