India believes in ‘inclusive’ Indo Pacific; Dhaka for harnessing potential
Indian High Commissioner to Bangladesh Riva Ganguly Das said India believes in an “inclusive” Indo Pacific and described its connectivity with Bangladesh as a “game-changer” ensuring a “win-win” situation for the two countries.
“So, for India, connectivity with Bangladesh is a game-changer, and we feel that for the both of our countries it’s a win-win (situation),” she said while talking at an interactive session on "Connecting the Indo-Pacific: Infrastructure and Influence" in Dhaka on Tuesday.
State Minister for Foreign Affairs M Shahriar Alam, Indian Member of Parliament Manish Tewari and professor of Institute of International Studies at Fudan University Minwang Lin also spoke at the session moderated by OXCON Frontier Markets & Fragile States Consulting Managing Director Mohamed El Dashan, reports UNB.
The session was arranged as part of the ongoing three-day "Dhaka Global Dialogue 2019" inaugurated by Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina on Monday.
The Indian high commissioner talked about the railway and roads widening projects which are happening under $8 billion Lines of Credit (LoCs) inland water-based connections and access to two Bangladesh ports – Chittagong and Monga.
“I think it (access to ports and other connectivity) can be a game-changer for both the countries….it can be a game-changer for the northeast as well,” High Commissioner Riva said, mentioning that almost 80% of their $8 billion LoCs is spent on the connectivity projects.
The high commissioner highlighted the joint initiatives of reestablishing all the pre-1965 rail connections between Bangladesh and India and progress made so far to that end.
Riva Ganguly also laid importance on people-to-people connectivity with liberal visa process saying digital connectivity is an exciting area for connectivity in the future.
She said Bangladesh is the most important neighbour of India with who they have such a “growing interaction” and connectivity plays a very important role in this interaction.
“The importance of connectivity can be judged by the excitement that is there in Indian in Northeastern States,” said the high commissioner.
State Minister Shahriar said free movement of people, services and goods are key elements for the region to prosper.
“We need to harness our potential and increase our co-operation,” he said adding that negative elements like irregular migration, illicit trade, and piracy were there but there are success stories in other parts of the world.
Shahriar said Bangladesh’s position on Indo Pacific is “loud and clear” and mentioned that other ideas or initiatives are complementary and not conflicting.
He said the Indo Pacific is still evolving but one thing is evident that it is Asian century with global economic powers’ focus on it.
That is why, Shahriar said, the countries of this region need to co-operate as much as possible.
“There is potential. We must not lose our focus. We should not get confused by different ideas by different countries,” he said.
The state minister said people prefer free movement, and free movement of trade is also essential as it is an important element for all the countries.
He laid emphasis on considering domestic demand, interest, and objectives and also world order. “We need to talk about it much more.”
Riva Ganguly said she does not think Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and Indo Pacific are the same at all, and Indo Pacific is not driven by a single country with long portfolio projects in that sense.
Prof Minwang Lin suggested having a master plan for regional connectivity, saying Bangladesh and India can take the lead to that end.
Inclusive Indo Pacific
For India, High Commissioner Riva Ganguly said, the important thing of the Indo Pacific is that they are looking at a “free, open, inclusive” order which is “safe, secure and stable.”
She said they are looking at freedom of navigation, respect, and sovereignty of all in the region. “It is not a strategy; it is not a club and not a grouping.”
Riva Ganguly said India believes in an inclusive Indo Pacific which is not exclusive in any way.
Issues related to Asean, Saarc and Bimstec were also discussed in the session with participation from the audience.
Dhaka Growing Importance
High Commissioner Riva Ganguly said, the three words - Dhaka Global Dialogue - by itself indicative of how important this event is.
“We are having a global dialogue in Dhaka. This shows the importance of Dhaka,” she said, adding that it is one of the most happening places in the world.
Talking about Bangladesh’s growth, the high commissioner said this is a story which gets repeated – the growth of Bangladesh in which India sees a lot of opportunities. “Across all sectors, Bangladesh has done so amazingly well.”
Talking about Indian perspective of Indo Pacific, the Indian high commissioner said India is a growing economy, and one of the fastest-growing economies, and they naturally depend a lot on their sea lanes - most of the trade takes place through sea lanes, both merchandise and services trade.
Riva Ganguly said, it is a natural region in their view which has growing importance in the region and beyond.
She mentioned that 38 major countries are part of this broad concept of Indo Pacific with 45% of world services area, 65% of world population, 62% of world GDP, and 46% of world merchandize trade that go across this region. “It is extremely an important area both globally as well as for us.”
The high commissioner said, in terms of economic importance as well as geographical importance, it is an important concept and area which is going to be increasingly more and more important.