• Wednesday, Sep 23, 2020
  • Last Update : 01:36 am

Study: Bangladesh among global hotspots of series of floods

  • Published at 01:56 pm August 7th, 2020
Waterlogged houses in Gopalganj flash flood
File photo: Waterlogged houses as flash flood hits Gopalganj. Photo taken on Friday, August 7, 2020 Dhaka Tribune

The new map of risks takes no account of existing flood defences but highlights the levels of threat to come

Bangladesh is one of the hotspots of series of floods in the world, a latest study says, noting that 250 million coastal dwellers will face rising floods globally.

The study identifies a series of flood "hotspots" around the world.

These include south-eastern China, Australia's Northern Territory, Bangladesh, West Bengal and Gujarat in India, the US states of North Carolina, Virginia, and Maryland, and north-west Europe including the UK, northern France, and northern Germany.

The new map of risks takes no account of existing flood defences but highlights the levels of threat to come.

"This is critical research from a policy point of view, because it provides politicians with a credible estimate of the risks and costs we are facing, and a basis for taking action," said Ian Young, an engineer at the University of Melbourne, and a co-author of the study.

"This data should act as a wake-up call to inform policy at global and local government levels so that more flood defences can be built to safeguard coastal life and infrastructure."

In the next 80 years, flooding around the planet's landmasses is likely to rise by almost 50%, endangering many millions of coastal dwellers. If people go on burning ever greater volumes of fossil fuels, while destroying ever more natural forest, then another 77 million people could be at risk of flooding, a rise of 52%.

And these floods – increasingly frequent and extending over greater areas – will put at risk cities, homes, resorts and industries valued at more than $14 trillion.

This sum alone is worth 20% of global GDP (gross domestic product), the economist's preferred indicator of economic health and wealth, according to a new study in the journal Scientific Reports.

The researchers built their argument on historic data from 681 tide-gauge stations around the world to model the growing hazard at 10,000 coastal locations, according to Climate News Network.

"Compared with now, what we see as a one-in-100-year extreme flood event will be ten times more frequent because of climate change," researchers said.

They conclude that the land area exposed to extreme flood will increase by more than 250,000 sq kms – an increase of 48% – to 800,000 sq kms, a threat to 252 million people.

"A warming climate is driving sea level rise because water expands as it warms, and glaciers are melting. Climate change is also increasing the frequency of extreme seas, which will further increase the risk of flooding," said Ebru Kirezci of the University of Melbourne, Australia, who led the study.

None of this should come as a surprise to civic authorities, governments, hydraulic engineers and oceanographers: researchers have been warning for years that coastal floods driven by global heating will end up costing colossal and seemingly ever increasing sums.

On a global scale, and on regional examination, the story remains the same, and wealthy and developed societies in Europe and the US face the same rising tide of hazard as the world's poorest in the crowded coastal cities of Africa and Asia.

Estimate too low?

A mix of more extreme storms and storm surges, combined with ever higher sea levels, will sweep away the world's beaches and turn millions of comfortable US citizens into climate refugees.

It is even possible that researchers have underestimated the hazard, simply because satellite-based measurements may have misread precise land elevation: in some cases, too, coasts are sinking independently of sea level rise.

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