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Bangladesh ranks 88th in Global Hunger Index, above India

  • Published at 11:59 am October 16th, 2019
Hunger Index
Latif Hossain

Although it has managed to reduce the hunger rate, the severity still remains serious, a report says

Bangladesh has reduced hunger by a significant margin, but the severity of hunger still remains serious, according to a report published by Global Hunger Index (GHI) 2019.

With a score of 25.8, Bangladesh ranked 88th in the index, among 117 qualifying countries. Its previous score was 30.3 in 2010.

It remains ahead of neighbouring India, which scored 30.3, the report published by GHI says. 

Among the South Asian countries, Sri Lanka ranked the highest at 66th, with a score of 17.1, while Afghanistan ranked lowest scoring 33.8. 

Bhutan and Maldives were not included, due to a lack of data. 

The countries are given GHI scores based on four factors: undernourishment, child wasting, child stunting, and child mortality.

Rank and scores of South Asian countries in GHI:

Country (ranked from highest to lowest)

GHI rank (among 117 countries)

GHI score (0-100; 0 being the best score, 100 the worst)

Sri Lanka

66th

17.1

Nepal

73rd

20.8

Bangladesh

88th

25.8

Pakistan

94th

28.5

India

102nd

30.3

Afghanistan

108th

33.8

Bhutan [not included due to lack of data]

NA

NA

Maldives [not included]

NA

NA


The GHI "Severity Scale" shows the severity of hunger - from low to extremely alarming - associated with the range of possible GHI scores. The 100-point scale starts with 0 being the best score (which means no hunger) and 100 the worst.

A high GHI score can be evidence of a lack of food, a poor-quality diet, inadequate child care-giving practices, an unhealthy environment, or all of these factors. 

Among the four factors, Bangladesh fared poorly in reducing the prevalence of stunting in children less than five years, with a score of 36.2. However, with a score of only 3.2, it did extremely well in reducing child mortality rate. 

Meanwhile, India scored high on child wasting, with a score of 20.8 - the highest wasting rate of any country mentioned in the report for which data or estimates were available. 

Outside India, two countries in South Asia made significant advances in child nutrition, and their experiences are instructive, the report says. 

With a mission to eradicate hunger, Concern Worldwide and Welthungerhilfe jointly produce the GHI Index to track hunger levels around the world.