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Bangladesh slips again in Global Peace Index

  • Published at 06:20 pm June 12th, 2019
File photo: Protesting students shout slogans demanding justice for Abrar Ahmed Chowdhury at Basundhara in Dhaka on Wednesday, March 20, 2019 Mehedi Hasan/Dhaka Tribune

Earlier in 2017, Bangladesh's position was 84th with a score of 2.035

Bangladesh has dropped nine places again in the latest worldwide ranking of independent states and territories with reference to their levels of peacefulness.

According to the 2019 Global Peace Index (GPI) released in London yesterday by the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP), the country has been ranked 101st out of 163 countries with a global score of 2.128. Last year, its position was 93 with a score of 2.084.

Earlier in 2017, Bangladesh's position was 84th with a score of 2.035. 

Iceland remains the most peaceful country in the world, a position it has held since 2008. It is joined at the top of the index by New Zealand, Austria, Portugal, and Denmark.

Afghanistan is now the least peaceful country in the world, replacing Syria, which is now the second least peaceful. South Sudan, Yemen, and Iraq comprise the remaining five least peaceful countries.

Peacefulness in the Asia-Pacific region improved by 3 per cent, but the region also experienced a higher number of refugees, terrorism, and higher levels of internal conflict, said the report.

Among South Asia countries, Bangladesh remains in fourth place leaving behind India (2.605), Pakistan (3.072) and Afghanistan (3.574), and now sits behind Bhutan (1.506), Sri Lanka (1.986) and Nepal (2.003).

It said peacefulness improved in 86 countries while it deteriorated in 76 countries.

Billion people facing high exposure to climate change effects

Nearly a billion people are facing climate change hazards globally, with the Asia-Pacific region housing twice as many people living in areas with high exposure than all other regions combined.

As shown in the Global Risk 2019 report, the top nine countries -- Philippines, Japan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, China, Indonesia, India, Vietnam, and Pakistan-- are facing the highest risk of multiple climate hazards.

The report said an estimated 971 million people live in areas with high or very high exposure to climate hazards including cyclones, floods, bushfires, desertification and rising sea levels.

Overall, the report found global peace improved for the first time in five years and the economic impact of violence also fell, although the world remains less peaceful than a decade ago.

Military expenditure, violent protests, and violent crime, all decreased globally this year, particularly in Asia.

While the percentage of GDP spending on defence decreased in two out of every three countries over the past decade, the US and China have continued to rapidly increase their military spending.

The 13th edition of the Global Peace Index (GPI) measured the peacefulness of 163 independent states and territories.

The GPI covers 99.7 per cent of the world’s population, using 23 qualitative and quantitative indicators from highly respected sources, and measures the state of peace using three thematic domains: the level of Societal Safety and Security, the extent of Ongoing Domestic and International Conflict, and the degree of Militarisation.

According to the latest report, global peacefulness improved very slightly in the 2019 GPI with average country scores improving by 0.09 per cent.