“Although migration is a political issue but that does not mean that you have to politicise migration. We have to avoid rivalries between intelligence agencies regarding migration”, he said while speaking at the closing ceremony of the two-day long People’s Global Action Forum on Migration, Development and Human Rights (PGA) at Bangla Academy in Dhaka.
He called for unity between the countries of destination and origin, as a division between states has formed.
Representatives from migrant associations used the PGA to prepare some recommendations ahead of the GFMD. These representatives included members of migrant rights organisations, trade unions, faith groups, academia and other civil societies from the 25 countries who attended the programme.
Some recommendations include:
- Administrative detention of immigrants and the punishment of children and their families needs to be ended.
- Alternatives to detention, such as open door shelters and community-based programs for immigrants should be applied
- Where there is detention, it should be under humane conditions and standards.
- Institutional mechanisms for third party monitoring bodies inside detention centres should be established.
Representatives also called for the insurance of fair and ethical recruitment, as well as a crackdown on corrupt and illegal visa markets to lower migration costs.
In order to end illegal visa markets and corruption, the migrant association members suggested adopting and applying frameworks that guarantee transparency and accountability cooperatively between states of origin and destination.
They said fair and ethical recruitment should be the baseline standard for all multi-lateral frameworks, regional and bilateral agreements regarding labour migration. In lieu of this, governments should make watch-lists of trusted and untrustworthy recruiters.
They also urged for governments to regulate sub-agencies and ratify ILO 181, as most migration, both globally and in Asia, for labour.
The representatives stressed that there needs to be intersectionality in migration, with inclusion of gender, class, race and others in all climate change-related migration strategies and that Industrialized, carbon-emitting countries must live up to their commitment to contribute to carbon funds; a section of this fund should be directed to climate change migration governance and protecting the rights of climate migrants.
Expatriates' Welfare and Overseas Employment Joint Secretary Jabed Ahmed, Refugee and Migratory Movements Research Unit Executive Director C R Abrar, and Regional Coordinator of the Migrant Forum in Asia William Gois were present at the closing ceremony.
The PGA was addressing issues such as Borders and Detention, Climate and Migration, Global Governance on Migration, Labour Migration and Recruitment Reform, Mixed Migration, and Xenophobia and Racism.
These recommendations will be placed for discussion at the GFMD summit in Dhaka.