Hospitals cannot perform human organ transplantation without government approval while public hospitals with specialised units do not need such approval
The Cabinet on Monday approved the draft law Transplantation of Human Organs Act, 2017, providing for three years’ rigorous imprisonment or Tk10 lakh fine or both as punishment for the illegal trade of human organs.
The approval came during the regular weekly meeting of the Cabinet held at the Cabinet Division of the Secretariat with Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina in the chair, reports UNB.
Additional secretary M Ashraf Shamim told reporters after the meeting that without government approval no hospital could conduct human organ transplantation in the country. He added that public hospitals which have specialised transplantation units can do the job without taking any approval.
He also said private hospitals have to apply to the authorities concerned for approval within 60 days of enactment of the law.
As per the proposed law, there will be a medical board in every hospital for deciding transplantation matters and a National Cadaveric Committee will oversee human organ transplantation across the country.
Organ donation is the donation of biological tissue or an organ of the human body, from a living or dead person to a living recipient who needs a transplantation.
In the name of organ donation, illegal trade of organs has reportedly been going on in the country for over a decade.
Wealthy recipients and brokers trick poor and illiterate people into selling their organs by making false promises of money, jobs and travel to foreign countries.
The existing law stipulates imprisonment for three to seven years, Tk3 lakh as fine or both for violating the law.