• Monday, Aug 26, 2019
  • Last Update : 12:31 am

Anatomy of QS and THE Asia university rankings

  • Published at 02:19 am May 24th, 2019
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Dhaka University ranked between 301 and 350, and also between 191 and 200, in The Asia University rankings of 2018 and 2016 respectively

When Bangladesh failed making an entry into “Asia University Rankings-2019,” published by Times Higher Education (THE) magazine, QS Asia University Rankings-2019 appears as a recognition to the country’s universities.

In the latest edition of the QS Asia University Rankings, as many as six Bangladeshi universities--the highest from the country so far--made it to the list of 498 best Asian universities.

The ranking published on October 24 last year showed Dhaka University and Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology  (BUET) as the only two public universities which ranked 127th and 175th respectively.

The other Bangladeshi universities are BRAC University, North South University, United International University and Daffodil International University.

Shockingly, Bangladesh not only failed to make it to the list in 2019, but also in 2017, 2015, 2014 and 2013, says the THE records.

But Dhaka University, often called the Oxford of the East, ranked between 301 and 350, and also between 191 and 200, in The  Asia University rankings of 2018 and 2016 respectively.

The QS focuses on 11 indicators for 100 percentage points, which are: academic reputation (30%), employer reputation (20%), faculty/student ratio (10%), international research network (10%), citations per paper (10%), papers per faculty (5%), staff with a PhD (5%), proportion of international faculty (2.5%) and proportion of international students (2.5%), proportion of inbound exchange students (2.5%) and proportion of outbound exchange students (2.5%).

Meanwhile, for the same 100   percentage points, THE depends on 13 indicators, grouped into five areas: teaching (25%); research (30%); citations (research influence-30%); International outlook (staff, students and research-7.5%); and industry income (knowledge transfer-7.5%).

Analyzing the indicators, it is seen that the QS is more focused on academic reputation, whereas the THE gives most importance on research.

With 112 universities, Mainland China made the biggest impact having five of the universities in the top 20 - two more than last year - all improving their position in the QS ranking of this year.

Japan is the second most represented country (89), followed by India (75) and South Korea (57). Among the South Asian countries, Bangladesh has the second lowest number of universities, ahead of Sri Lanka which saw only four universities make their way to the list.

Despite following 10 Indian and three Pakistani universities in the ranking, Dhaka University is well ahead of a number of universities in South Asia.

But the 2019 edition of the THE ranking shows Japan as the topper with 103 universities, with China coming second (72 universities). India stands third most represented country with 49 universities.

Among the South Asian countries, India has highest the highest number of institutions followed by Pakistan with nine universities, and one each from Sri Lanka and Nepal has been listed in the ranking.